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WakefieldCouncil Children and Young People Service Online Procedures

Death or Serious Injury to a Child (Child in Care and Child in Need)

SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER

This procedure outlines the immediate steps to be taken in the event of the  death of/ serious injury to a child living in the community (where there are suspicions of abuse or neglect) and the death of/serious injury to any Child in Care (whether or not abuse or neglect is known or suspected).

These steps are in addition to any Rapid Review or Child Safeguarding Practice Review and the work of the Child Death Overview Panel.

AMENDMENT

In April 2019, this chapter was updated throughout to reflect Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018) and the process for reporting a serious incident to the Panel via the Child Safeguarding Incident Notification System.

Contents

  1. Death of or Serious Injury to a Child in the Community where there are Suspicions of Abuse or Neglect
  2. Death of or Serious Injury to a Child in Care
  3. Needs of Social Workers / Team / Manager / Carers

1. Death of or Serious Injury to a Child in the Community where there are Suspicions of Abuse or Neglect

Local authorities in England must notify the national Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel (the Panel) within 5 working days of becoming aware of a serious incident.

Serious incidents which should be reported are those where the local authority knows or suspects that a child has been abused or neglected and:

  • The child dies (including suspected suicide) or is seriously harmed in the local authority's area;
  • While normally resident in the local authority's area, the child dies or is seriously harmed outside England.

The process for reporting a serious incident to the Panel via the Child Safeguarding Incident Notification System is set out in the following: Report A Serious Child Safeguarding Incident (GOV.UK). The Panel will share all notifications with Ofsted and the DfE.

In this event the following tasks are also required.

1.1

The child's social worker or, if not previously known to Children’s Social Care, the duty worker receiving the information will:

  1. Immediately inform their line manager;
  2. Obtain as much information as possible on the circumstances surrounding the cause of death/serious injury and pass this to their line manager.

1.2

The line manager will immediately inform the Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards by telephone and provide follow up information in writing as soon as possible afterwards.

1.3

The Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards will:

  1. Inform the Service Director, who will notify local authority members as necessary;
  2. Ascertain as full details as possible from the Police and any other source;
  3. Request that administrative staff check Children and Young People Service records on the child and family and print out any information held;
  4. Arrange for any case records to be secured;
  5. Arrange a process for informing other relevant agencies about the death/serious injury and to remind them to also secure their files;
  6. Arrange for the circumstances of the death/serious injury to be considered, in accordance with the West Yorkshire Consortium Safeguarding and Child Protection Procedures, including the possible need to hold a Rapid Review and, where the child has died, referral to the Child Death Overview Panel.

1.4

Local authorities should use the Child Safeguarding Incident Notification System. The Panel will share all notifications with Ofsted and the DfE. The report is submitted online and the contents entered must be reviewed by the Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards before it is submitted. The form requires a range of information and is clearly set out in sections. Before you start you will need:

  • Your sign in;
  • Your phone number and email address;
  • Name of each child you are notifying;
  • Details of the incident.

A copy of the completed form should be saved and printed out for records.

In urgent situations the Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards or Service Director should telephone Ofsted on 0300 123 1231 and then complete the form. Email mailbox.nationalreviewpanel@education.gov.uk if you have any queries.

1.5

Where a Child Safeguarding Practice Review is to be held, this must be conducted in accordance with Chapter 4 in Working Together to Safeguard Children and the West Yorkshire Consortium Safeguarding and Child Protection Procedures.

2. Death of or Serious Injury to a Child in Care

Where information comes to notice of the death of or serious injury to a Child in Care, the following tasks are required

2.1

The child's social worker will:

  1. Immediately inform their line manager;
  2. Notify the parent(s) immediately and in person, if possible;
  3. In the event of a serious injury to the child, arrange with the parent(s) to visit the child in hospital;
  4. In the event of a child's death, discuss with the parent(s) and reach agreement regarding the arrangements for the funeral (in the event of sudden, unexplained deaths arrangements for the funeral may need to be delayed);
  5. Obtain as much information as possible on the circumstances surrounding the cause of death/serious injury and pass this to their line manager; and
  6. Discuss with their line manager any necessary expenditure including reasonable travel expenses to assist the family in attending the funeral or visiting the child in hospital where it appears there is financial hardship;
  7. Where the child was in a long term foster placement, discuss with their line manager any possible conflict between the carers and the parents regarding arrangements for the child's funeral.

2.2

The line manager will:

  1. Immediately inform the Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards by telephone and provide follow up information in writing as soon as possible afterwards;
  2. Advise Legal Services initially by telephone, then confirm details in writing; and
  3. Contact the Insurance Section of the Finance Department, initially by telephone and then in writing;
  4. Ensure that the parents' wishes concerning the funeral are discussed (by the social worker or the team manager), that any possible conflict with the wishes of the carers are also ascertained and addressed, and that any appropriate associated costs are met.

2.3

The Service Manager, Safeguarding & Quality Standards will:

  1. Inform the Service Director, who will come to a decision about whether to notify the local authority Members;
  2. Arrange, in consultation with the Wakefield and District LSCB Manager, appropriate meetings under the West Yorkshire Consortium Safeguarding and Child Protection Procedures, including the need to conduct a Rapid Review;
  3. Additionally, whenever a Child in Care dies, the local authority must inform the national Child Safeguarding Practice Review Panel withing 5 days using the Child Safeguarding Incident Notification System. The Panel will share all notifications with Ofsted and the DfE. The local authority must also notify the Secretary of State Child in Care has died has died, regardless of whether abuse or neglect is known or suspected.

2.4

The report to the Panel is the same as outlined in Section 1.4 above. In the event of a Child Safeguarding Practice Review being required, the steps outlined in Section 3, Needs of Social Workers / Team / Manager / Carers should be followed.

3. Needs of Social Workers / Team / Manager / Carers

During the implementation of this procedure consideration must be given to the needs of staff and carers involved in the case.

The impact of a child death on social workers/team/manager/carers needs to be addressed in terms of:

  • The need for counselling for those involved;
  • The manner in which such support is offered;
  • The provision of access to legal and professional advice about the ongoing conduct of the case;
  • The provision of a clear explanation of the process of a Child Safeguarding Practice Review;
  • Support for staff in the event of Police investigation/interviews;
  • The need to inform and keep informed any relevant Trades Unions;
  • The need for team debriefing whilst observing confidentiality. This must be discussed with the Service Manager Safeguarding & Quality Standards;
  • The need to acknowledge that a child death can impact on the productivity of any team and its ability to function; and the need to agree strategies to manage workloads.